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Unit 2 - Early Colonial America

  • Unit Question - Are contemporary socio/political beliefs a direct reflection of those held by our earliest colonial forefathers?
  • Historical Context – The Quakers, Puritans, Separatists, New England Colonies, Middle Colonies, South Colonies, Triangular Trade (slavery)
  • Final Assessment - Colony Brochure
 

13 Colonies


Congratulations! You have just been hired by an advertising agency to “travel back in time” to North America in the 18th Century (the 1700s). You will be traveling to one of the 13 British colonies. Your job is to create a brochure that attracts more settlers (typically from Europe) to settle in your specific colony. The more people who settle in your colony, the faster it will grow and develop. However, you don’t want people to be disappointed when they arrive if the colony is not what they expected. So it is also important to mention things that might be challenges or negative things about the colony.  Download the instructions and template to get started:  


Colony Brochure Resources & Due Dates:

Protestants, Puritans, Separatists & Pilgrims O My!


Read p. 51-67 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer the Protestants, Puritans, Separatists & Pilgrims O My! questions in your COMP Books:   

1)  What was the last straw or main reason the Pilgrims left in England to start a new life in the New World?

2)  Where did they plan to settle in the New World?  Where did they land?

3)  What were non-Pilgrims on the Mayflower called?  

4)  Would the people have survived without Squanto?

5)  What was the Mayflower Compact? 

6)  What is the difference between Pilgrims and Puritans?


Discover the Mayflower Compact in more depth: Mayflower Compact WS.doc (classwork or homework)

The Real Thanksgiving 

Real Thanksgiving Article WS.doc (classwork or homework)
Read the article above and answer the 3 questions in your COMP books. Be prepared to discuss!

Squanto

Religious Tolerance or Intolerance  


Read p. 68- 75 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer the Religious tolerance or Intolerance questions in your COMP books:

  1. Why were the Puritans so intolerant of religious views other than their own?  
  2. Did Roger Williams leave the Massachusetts colony on his own terms or was he forced to leave? 
  3. What did Roger Williams believe that upset Governor John Winthrop?
  4. Where did Roger Williams go and who helped him survive?
  5. If Roger Williams upset Governor Winthrop, that was nothing compared to Anne Hutchinson. What did the mother of 14 children, Anne Hutchinson, begin to question that eventually caused her to be banished from the colony of Massachusetts?
  6. What makes the Quakers different than the Puritans?
  7. Why did Mary Dyer come back to Massachusetts after escaping with her life to Rhode Island?

                        Mary Dyer 

The Salem Witch Trials

The infamous Salem witch trials began during the spring of 1692, after a group of young girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts, claimed to be possessed by the devil and accused several local women of witchcraft. As a wave of hysteria spread throughout colonial Massachusetts, a special court convened in Salem to hear the cases; the first convicted witch, Bridget Bishop, was hanged that June.  Read more:  History.com: Salem Witch Trials

                 The Pequot War King Philip's War

Mystic River Massacre of 

Pequot Native Americans

Read p. 85-87 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer The Pequot War & King Philip's War questions in your COMP books:


  1. Why did the Pequots of Narragansett Bay become so angry at the colonists and resort to violence?
  2. What happened to Pequots who survived The Pequot War?
  3. King Philip's War is the bloodiest war during the 17th Century (1600s) in American History, so what started the conflict?
  4. What is the real name of King Philip?
  5. What was the end result of King Philip's War [HINT: The peaceful Narraganset on p.86] 


The Pequot War & King Philip's War Resources:

New England Colonies

New England Colonies Resources:  

Need Help?  Try this:  

Mr. Zoller's Podcast: New England Colonies


Read p.92-95 & p. 81-84 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer the New England Colonies questions in your COMP books:  

  1. What is the time period of colonial times?
  2. What colonies make up the New England colonies?
  3. How was the colony of Connecticut settled?  Was it legal?  How large was the original Connecticut colony?
  4. What document organized Connecticut as a democratic "state"?
  5. How was the colony of New Hampshire settled? 
  6. What was the original name of New York City? [NOTE:  I know New York is considered a Middle Colony]

Middle Colonies (Mid-Atlantic)

BONUS: Read about Oliver Cromwell, King Charles, and the English period known as the Restoration on pages 102-104.  We have discussed this period in class already, but it is so important it will reappear later in this course.  So get more familiar by reading!

Need Help?  Try this: Mr. Zoller's Podcast: Middle Colonies


Read p. 96-101 & 105-108 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer the Middle Colonies (Mid-Atlantic) questions in your COMP books:

  1. What was the price of Manhattan Island (part of New York City) for the Dutch West India Company?  [HINT:  CRAZY good deal!]
  2. What was the main economic interest of the Dutch in the New World?
  3. What colonies make up the Middle Colonies? [HINT:  Picture below]
  4. What did the Native Americans call Johan Printz?  [NOTE: Not that important, but hilarious!]
  5. Why did the Dutch (the Netherlands) give up their colony of New Netherlands and more importantly their trading town of New Amsterdam (later known as New York City)?  Extend your thinking was this a good or bad decision for the Netherlands?
  6. Who is New York named after it becomes an English Colony?
  7. How is New Jersey founded as a colony?
  8. Why is William Penn given the colony later known as Pennsylvania despite being a Quaker?
  9. What are some of the beliefs of Quakers? 


William Penn


Why some much attention to William Penn you might ask?  The real reason is simple; he was a very tolerant person in a very intolerant world and that is simply awesome! 

Let's learn more about William Penn (right) and his idea of leadership and government:  

William Penn- Understanding WS.docx (class work)

Need Help?  Try this: Mr. Zoller's Podcast: Southern Colonies


Read p.114-124 & p.133-136 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer the Southern Colonies questions in your COMP books:  

  1. Who was responsible for the Maryland Colony?  Why did the Irish like him so much? 
  2. Freedom of religion in Maryland really meant freedom for whom?  What was the penalty for cursing God?  What was the Toleration Act of 1649? 
  3. Why do some many rich and famous (many Founding Fathers) come from Virginia?  [NOTE:  This is not a simple question and therefore does not have a simple answer, but try!]
  4. What makes Virginia an excellent example of mercantilism? [HINT: p.119 - "mother country"]
  5. What is a yeoman?  Who replaced the yeoman?
  6. What is the paradox of Colonial Virginia? 
    7.  What is Virginia's House of Burgesses?  Try this: wiseGEEK: House of Burgesses
    Why do people of this era where those powdered wigs?  [HINT: p.122]
    8.  Who founded the Carolinas?
    9.  What colony was the wealthiest of all the English colonies in the 17th (1600s) Century?
    10.  Why were the French welcomed in the Carolinas?
    11.  What is Gullah?
    12.  What caused the split of the Carolinas?  (North & South Carolina)

BONUS:  Why did the notorious pirate Blackbeard leave the people of North Carolina alone?

Try this website:  10 Facts about Blackbeard (HINT: try number 6) 

Southern Colonies

Glorious Revolution in England

Discussion Question:
  • How does this Glorious Revolution affect the American Colonists and influence the later the American Revolution? 

Glorious Revolution Resources:
Bacon's Rebellion

Bacon's Rebellion puts an end to indentured servitude and, although not the intention of the rebellion, creates a growing need for slavery but how?  Let's discover:  

Slavery & The Triangular Trade

Read p. 125 (right hand side) & p.142-148 of your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer the Slavery & The Triangular Trade questions in your COMP books:  
  1. How does Bacon's Rebellion evolve or create the need for slavery and thus expand on a growing theory of racism in the colonies?  NOTE:  Don't understand?  Try these:  Bacon's Rebellion Video Lesson or 1676 Bacon's Rebellion Video [HINT:  p.125]
  2. What made the Southern Colonies so different from the Middle and Northern Colonies, thus creating a need for cheap labor and slavery?
  3. Why wouldn't the British allow the colonies to manufacture goods?  [HINT:  Mercantilism]
  4. Would slavery have been necessary if England would have allowed for the colonies to manufacture their own goods?  [I know tough question, but your SMART!]
  5. What were the Yankee ships?  Were they legal?
  6. Explain the Triangular Trade?
  7. Who was Olaudah Equiano?  BONUS:  He is also known as? 
  8. Slavery gets worse!  What were the Virginia Black Codes?  How do these codes help evolve an already growing racism in the colonies?   Don't understand?  Try this:  Slave Codes Examples.pdf



Slavery and the Triangular Trade Resources: 


BONUS:  What strange and peculiar picture (above).  What do you notice?

The Real Benjamin Franklin


Read p. 109-113 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer the Real Benjamin Franklin questions in your COMP books:   

1)  Why did the French like him?  What impact does this have later on the American Revolution?

2)  Name three inventions of Benjamin Franklin.

3)  Why did English fear and refer to him as "a dangerous engine"?

4)  What does it mean to be an apprentice?  What was Benjamin Franklin's apprenticeship?

5)  Give us an example of Benjamin Franklin's sense of humor?  [NOTE: If you are looking for better examples, check this website out:  PBS: Franklin's Wit and Wisdom]

6)  Why did Benjamin Franklin move to Philadelphia?  How did he describe the city?

7)  What made Benjamin Franklin rich?

Westward Ho! - You Go! - Well Not So Fast!

Read p. 152-159 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer the Westward Ho-You Go-Well Not So Fast! questions in your COMP books:   

  1. What natural border kept the original 13 colonies from moving west?
  2. Why do some colonist ignore British law and cross this natural border anyways?
  3. Why didn't the British not want the colonists to move west of the Appalachian Mountains [Okay - that is the answer to #1]?
  4. Who was Daniel Boone?
  5. What conflict does moving west create for the colonist and the British? 

                            The Trial of Peter Zenger
  1. Why is trial and case Peter Zenger so controversial in 1735? Who is the lawyer that takes the Peter Zenger case?
  2. Why was Peter Zenger put in jail for 10 months?  
  3. What is the lasting impact of this famous court case? What connection does Trial of Peter Zenger have on the American Revolution?  


Need help?

Read p.13-16 in your new Colonies to Country mini-book and check this video out:  The Unexpected Verdict of Peter Zenger VIDEO Need a song? Try this Peter Zenger was a Man song

The French and Indian War 

(7 Years War)


Read p. 21-32 in your new From Colonies to Country mini-book and answer The French and Indian War questions in your COMP book:  

  1. Who did the American Indians side with?
  2. What was the war about?  BE SPECIFIC
  3. The French of New France (Canada) might have had better relationships with the American Indians, but what did they not accept in their colonial territories?   
  4. Why did the Iroquois (remember them from The Great Law of Peace) side with the English and colonists?
  5. Who was the 21 year old sent to kick the French out of Fort Duquesne?  How did that go?  How did his recovery plan of Fort Necessity work out?
  6. What did George Washington notice of the British and Colonists outfits and way of fighting compared to the French and their American Indian allies?  
  7. How lucky was George Washington to survive the French and Indian War?  Explain.
  8. What was the impact of Warraghiyagey on the French and Indian War?  What was his real name? How was he rewarded for his military success?
  9. Why was the Battle of Lake George told all over Europe and America?
  10. Where and how did the French and Indian War end? 

Need help or clarification?  Try this video: CRASH COURSE: The French & Indian War (7 Years War)

JOIN or DIE / Prelude to Revolution

Class Discussion:  What do you think Benjamin Franklin is saying in the political cartoon created in 1754?  This won't be the last time you see this image (look left), but also this image will be reproduced throughout the entire American Revolution.  Why do you think that is?  Try this:  Join or Die by Ben Franklin


BONUS:  Read p.17-20:  How is the War of Jenkins Ear and the problem of smuggling, a microcosm of tensions growing in the American colonies, which will eventually lead to the American Revolution?