Unit 2 - Intro of Modernity / America: Emerging Power
- Unit Question - What are the rights and responsibilities of citizens in a democracy?
- Historical Context - League of Nations, United Nations, Human Rights, Labor, International Trade
- Final Assessment - Presidential Draft/Report Card
Background: Collectively, we want everything in a president: a strong leader, a consensus builder, a good manager, a policy expert, a great communicator, an ethical model, a visionary, and a supreme negotiator. Some judge presidents not by their behavior—how they act—but by their values—what they believe. The problem here is that this opens up a can of worms: What values do we evaluate the presidents by? Our personal liberty, equality, justice, community, economy, and/or quality of life? And how should we rank order such values? And how evenly do we to define these values? There’s a vast confusion here. Can an American president be great without a huge crisis, such as war or depression, which he can exploit politically? Even if a president's’ personal qualities, such as courage or character, were stable and similar from one administration to another, do not ever-changing situations or circumstances make it most difficult to compare the leadership of presidents? These are all tough questions which we attempt to quantify into categories named Roles of Responsibility.
Unit Assessment Project (The Details): You will draft two Presidents, research their term(s) of office and grade them using examples to support your arguments in each category of the Roles of Responsibility. Note during draft day the Lottery pick (Top 10) Presidents will not be duplicated by students. The draft order will be selected by random. Leading up to the draft you will need to have a general idea of 2-5 presidents you're interested in discovering. Once the draft is complete you will then begin your research, remember to cite your sources using MLA format. Once you have completed your two report cards, you will be required to answer the two unit questions using examples from your two report cards:
- What are the rights and responsibilities of citizens in a democracy?
- Why is important to vote?
- Start thinking about 2-5 Presidents now!
- Draft Positions will be decided on Wednesday/Thursday of November 16th/17th [Block Schedule]
- Draft of the Presidents will take place Monday/Tuesday of November 28th/29th [Block Schedule]
- Final day to make any trades of the Presidents is Tuesday/Wednesday of December 6th/7th [Block Schedule]
- Presidential Report Cards w/ Unit Questions (Unit Assessment) are due Thursday/Friday of January 19th/20th [Block Schedule] NOTE: Please remember printing is your responsibility!
Need help with your decisions and/or research?
Read p. 185-195 in the SOURCEBOOK (during class) and if you don't finish during class use the following links to answer the Before Progress questions in your COMP books:
- What were the main reasons for the formation of the Populist Party in 1892? Read: Populist Party 1892: Platform
- What is meant by a party of the “plain people”?
- Why did Booker T. Washington suggest that African-Americans should accept segregation? Read: Booker T. Washington Delivers the 1895 Atlanta Compromise Speech
- What does Booker T. Washington mean by, “Water, water we die of thirst! Cast down your bucket where you are."?
- What was the impact of Plessy v. Ferguson? Read: John Marshall Harlan, Plessy v. Ferguson
- What made Ida Tarbell a prominent muckraker?
- What made or allowed for S.S. McClure's newspapers and writers to become so successful and progressive?
- What problems did Lincoln Steffens highlight? What did he mean by "advocacy journalism"?
- What new or progressive technology came out of this time known as the Progressive Age?
- How progressive was this time for the normal farmers and regular people in the urban cities? Explain.
- During the later part of the Gilded Age and start of the Progressive Era most Americans became part of a growing middle class. What defines a middle class? [NOTE: Not a simple answer, but try to define anyways]
- What made the Populist Party so popular? What did they want? What did they ignore?
- Why is Theodore Roosevelt considered the first Progressive President?
- Explain the life Teedie grew up in:
- What were some of the tragedies a young Theodore Roosevelt faced?
- In your opinion, when does the image on p.148 (also left) become real regarding Mr. Roosevelt?
- What muckrakers influenced Theodore Roosevelt?
Imperialism & The Spanish-American War
Read p.152-157 in your Age of Extremes mini-book and answer the Imperialism & Spanish-American War questions in your COMP books:
- What were the last colonies of Spain? Why did Spain cling onto them so tightly?
- What is "Yellow Journalism"?
- What was the impact of the sinking of the U.S.S. Maine (picture right)? Who was really responsible? Did it matter?
- Who were the Rough Riders? Why do you think Theodore Roosevelt quit his job with the Navy to lead this group Rough Riders?
- Why was the Spanish American War so popular with Americans?
- What is Imperialism? What were the arguments for Imperialism of Albert Beveridge and against Imperialism of Carl Schurz? [HINT: p.157]
The Spanish-American War:
History Channel Movie Guide
Watch the movie, answer the following questions from the "good cop" or "bad cop" persona (example below) discussed in class:
- What were the motives behind America’s interventions into Cuba and the Philippines?
- Why were the Philippines first?
- Where the motives of the U.S. government behind the invasion of Cuba, Philippines and Puerto Rico justified? In other words, what would be the future of these island without U.S. interventionism?
- How has the foreign policy created and executed during McKinley, Roosevelt, and Taft influenced future US foreign policy?
- Is Imperialism a necessary part of the Progressive Movement? Is Imperialism necessary for the U.S. to achieve it's "place in the sun"?
- DBQ Should the US have annexed the Philippines.doc [Copyright Restrictions - Handed out in class] (classwork/homework)
- New American: Spanish-American War: Trial Run for Interventionism
- CRASH COURSE: American Imperialism
- President William H. Taft didn't really want to be president, his real dream, which later will be realized, was to be?
- What example does your book give you that Taft was a bit less imperialistic then President Theodore Roosevelt?
- Was Taft a Progressive President? Before you answer consider that Taft did more trustbusting (breaking apart of monopolies) than T. Roosevelt, but turned over power to more conservative leaders called the "Old Guard." Need help deciding? HINT: Try this article University of Virginia (Miller Center): American President: William H. Taft - A Reference Resource
- What does J.P. Morgan mean by, I hope "the first lion he meets does his duty."?
- What was the nickname for Theodore Roosevelt's Progressive Party?
- What is the meaning behind the image on page 187 and the Pure Food and Drug Laws image just to the left?
- Explain President Woodrow Wilson path to the presidency:
- Was President Wilson a Progressive President? Why or Why not?
- Was President Wilson an Imperialist? Why or Why not?
All that Jazz (and the Blues too)
The Roots of Jazz: Though jazz and classic blues are really early twentieth-century black music innovations, certain characteristics found in jazz do have their roots in much earlier musical traditions. Call and response, improvisation, the appropriation and reinvention of elements from Western art music: black music in the twentieth-century has never held a monopoly on these musical practices. For instance, the era American historians call "antebellum" (roughly 1815-1861) holds much of interest to researchers looking for the deep roots of jazz. Read the rest of the article here: PBS: Jazz by Ken Burns (Jim Crow Article)
Ken Burns' presents Jazz (Episode 1) Questions:
- What does creole mean?
- What is the connection between minstrels, Jim Crow, and the birth of Jass? NOTE: Yes, Jass was the name for the musical genre that will eventually evolve into Jazz, but no one is quite sure how.
- Most will agree that Jazz is born in what American city?
- Provide an example that Jazz didn't escape racism.
- What are the instruments you hear in Jazz bands during this time?
- How did Jazz bands travel at this time?
- Were the Jazz bands themselves integrated?
- Did the Jazz bands play to integrated audiences
- What were some of the important cities in the Jazz world?
- What role did Prohibition play on the popularity of Jazz?
- What is the meaning behind Billie Holidays' Strange Fruit?
- What is the impact of Chicago and Chess records on the Blues and it's popularity, growth, and transformation into Rock n' Roll? HINT: Try this Chess Records website
- In your opinion, how does Jazz and the Blues help erode the stain of slavery, racism, and the Jim Crow Era? NOTE: I know this question may take awhile to ponder, but “One good thing about music, when it hits you, you feel no pain." - Bob Marley
Jazz, the Blues, and Rock n' Roll too (Just a Suggestion)
- Duke Ellington In many ways the "Duke" was the first mainstream American musician.
- Miles Davis I suggest his The Birth of Cool & Kind of Blue albums.
- Louis Armstrong The great "Satchmo".
- Thelonious Monk My personal favorite Jazz musician.
- Billie Holiday She could make average music extraordinary!
- Ray Charles Simply genius.
- Robert Johnson The start of something uniquely American.
- Muddy Waters This original "Rolling Stone" is one of my favorite musicians of any genre and yes, that is where the Rolling Stones get their name from.
- B.B. King I suggest his Live in Cook County Jail album. Yes, our Cook County!
- Buddy Guy Chicago's own!
- Junior Kimbrough Don't think the Blues matter anymore, well I bet you have heard of The Black Keys. Take a listen to The Black Keys album, Chulahoma: The Songs of Junior Kimbrough
- Jimi Hendrix The Blues had a baby and they named it Rock n' Roll - Muddy Waters
- Eric Clapton The Blues crosses the pond, "Atlantic Ocean", but don't worry Clapton and the Blues will be back.
- Led Zeppelin New and heavy for 1968, but still the Blues and still excellent today!